Qualitative research is a strategy for systematic collection, organization, and interpretation of phenomena that are difficult to measure quantitatively. In health care, qualitative methodologies aim to explore complex phenomena encountered by nurses, other providers, policy makers, and patients (Vaismoradi, 2013).Â Qualitative research is a strategy for precise collection, organization and interpretation of written information.Â Qualitative research question thoughtful, deliberate andÂ reliesÂ on a set of established wellÂ definedÂ methodology. Qualitative research works from the ground up to generatesÂ novel insightsÂ into phenomena that are difficult to measure quantitatively. Such as preferences for end of life care. The goal ofÂ qualitative research is to achieveÂ a depth of understanding, generating a hypothesis. Qualitative research occurs in a natural setting. The purpose of qualitative research is to explore the meaning of peoples experiences, cultures and how they viewÂ certain situations.
Discuss the different types of qualitative research design
The five different types of qualitative research designs areÂ ethnographic,Â narrative,Â Â phenomenological,Â Â grounded theory, and case study.Â Ethnography focuses on context and culture and is obtained by interviews and observation. Perhaps the hardest part of ethnographic field research is to be able to see things from someone elseâ€™s point of view (Wilcox, 2012). Â Narrative focuses on individual experiences and sequence and is obtained by stories from individuals and documents. Phenomenological focuses onÂ Â People who have experienced a phenomenon and are obtained by interviewing. Grounded theory focuses onÂ Â developing a theory from grounded in field data andÂ obtained from interviews and open axial coding. Case study focuses onÂ Â organization, entity, individual, or event and the data is collectedÂ byÂ interviews, documents, reports, and observations (Sauro, 2015.)
Identify and describe a minimum of two types of sampling techniques used in qualitative research.Â
Two techniques that are used in qualitative research is purposefulÂ samplingÂ and convenience sampling. Convenience sampling is samples of Â participants that were convenient for the researcher to recruit. This type is the least scientific and lacks credibility. PurposefulÂ sampling is a sample of participants that were thoughtfully,purposelyÂ recruited by the researcher. There are several sub-groups of purposeful sampling: Snowball sample,opportunistic sample, and maximum variation sample.Â
Describe methods for collecting data for qualitative research.
Methods for collecting data for qualitative research include focus group, observation, document review, and auto and visualÂ materials. There are two types of interviews structured interview and informal interview. A structured interview has a predetermined set of questions. An informal interview goes with the flow of the conversation and creates questions as the researcherÂ goes.